General startups

Great companies are started in all markets


This is a great chart. Because it shows that no matter what, great companies can still be created, and still thrive.

I started my last company in the middle of 2002, and it was actually easier, since hiring developers was far less expensive than just a few years earlier. In 2007-2008, when the financial collapse occurred, we experienced our biggest growth by pivoting to target the SLED market (State, Local, Education), whose property-tax revenues had plummeted and budgets were slashed. Ironically, by leaning forward and going after a replacement strategy of the incumbent product, we were able to save these institutions a lot of money, while doing a massive landgrab of desktops.

Nothing beats a good idea, decent execution and persistence. No matter what the market.


General startups venture capital

Where the unicorns are

A328dc559e1fceca19c8787be41094cfUnicorns — private companies that have a valuation over a bill — are not just in the US (the whole unicorn phenomena is a new one, part of the bubblelicious experience.)

CB Insights has some interesting information on where the mythical unicorns actually are; Silk mada a nifty interactive chart.

Digging into the data, you would think that the Unicorn phenomena is relegated to the Silicon Valley/SF Bay area. Not so lad! While 62 are located in the U.S., there are 11 in China, 10 in Europe and 6 in India. There’s even a couple in Canada!

What we can see is the power shift from Silicon Valley to San Francisco. Out of the 62 companies in the list, I counted 25 in San Francisco. 21 are not in the SF bay area at all — there’s New York (WeWork, Vice, MongoDB, AppNexus, Oscar Health,  Warby Parker, Sprinklr, Gilt); SoCal (Snapchat,SpaceX, Legendary, JustFab, Razer); then a surprising number are in Utah (Domo, Qualtrics, Pluralsight, InsideSales); trailed by the Boston area (Moderna, Actifio and SimpliVity). Florida makes an honorable mention with the mysterious (and probably real unicorn), Magic Leap.

Just to have some fun, here are the SF based-unicorns:

Prosper Marketplace
Social Finance



business advice business plan startups

Starting your startup. The pitch deck. And what it all means.

photo-1422479516648-9b1f0b6e8da8Entrepreneurs constantly ask me how to pitch VCs. Most of the time, I push them to a different route.

To have a great business does not mean you have to have outside venture capital. I have run businesses backed by VCs, and those without. These days, you don’t actually need a tremendous capital base to get started. You can start a company for very, very little.

It’s worth reading The Ultimate Cheat Sheet for Starting and Running Your Business. There’s also a great list of free things on the web to help you bootstrap your business.

However, inevitably, most entrepreneurs want to try to pitch their business to someone. The pitch may only be to family and friends (always the best place to start), or to a big Sand Hill VC. And they also want to know how to write a business plan (the two are not the same).

Pitch decks are those spiffy, slick and often meaningless presentations that are supposed to get you the millions your company deserves.

The problem is, like everything in the Valley these days, it’s all the same. Going to this site [or this one] will dazzle you with the sexiest pitch decks (dare I say the “bubble in the making” here?). However, it’s an orgy of homogeneity, a grand sameness that’s a testament to a startup culture that’s trying to be different, by being the same.

Where’s the risk in putting together a presentation that looks the same as everyone else’s? Not much. What’s riskier is not having a great idea and a great team.And therein lies the essential question: What do investors really care about?

Just two things stand out: a big idea and a great team.

A big idea has the following characteristics:

– It addresses a big, big market. Like – billions and billions being spent. Going after a $20 million market,meh. Going after a $300 billion market,hmmm…

– There’s a big, fat opportunity. There’s something missing in the market, or something that’s going to be happening, that opens the door to your product or service being a massive success. Your technology needs to be different, disruptive and interesting. And if you can’t reasonably forecast your company getting to several hundred million in revenue, then rethink the VC route.

– It’s different. Being the 10th also-ran player in a market is not interesting. That doesn’t, however, mean you have to be obsessed with being different. It’s just you need something that sets you apart from all the rest. (A good start is to read the 3 most powerful words every brand needs.)

But let’s dig a little further. Venture investors (as opposed to private equity investors) aren’t investing in startups just to get 2-3x return on their money. The venture model is fairly simple: each investment has to have the potential to generate outsized returns –10x return – a “ten bagger”.

So, you need an idea that will generate outsized returns.The classic pitch deck, as outlined by a colleague (Mark Wright at BCVC) has the following elements:

1. Investment highlights

2. Platform/Business Description

3. What compelling problem does it solve

4. Target Customers

5. Competitive dynamics/ current customers – if any

6. Barriers to entry

7. Management team

8. Holes in team

9. Financial model

10. Amount being raised/Use of proceeds

11. Operational and financial milestones/How is our performance to be judged

12. Three year quarterly projections that includes the quarterly can burn rate

13. Client references

14. Repeat investment highlights.

Good. That’s a start, and a good checklist to keep in mind.

Basic rules for the pitch itself are to accept questions and interruptions during the pitch. Give it 45 minutes max. Do not send out the pitch in advance. And don’t ask a VC to sign an NDA. Most won’t.

Business plans, on the other hand, are largely meaningless for raising capital (I’m excepting, of course, where it’s a prerequisite, such as an SBA loan). A good Powerpoint deck is often enough to get the discussion going from institutional investors.

However, you should write a business plan for your own use. Writing a great business plan means that you write something that will be a living, breathing document that gives an insightful analysis into the business objectives, priorities, plans, and methods of measurement. It is for use, not necessarily for investors. If you’re just going to print one up for investors and then forget about it, it’s a waste of time.

And if you’re looking for a template for a business plan, the reality is that there is no really good template for a business plan. Great business plans are real documents that reflect the mission, objectives, and plans that you expect to actually implement.

In other words, there is no template for common sense.